The manipulator is a kind of automatic operation device which can imitate some movement functions of human hand and arm and is used to grasp and carry objects or operate tools according to fixed procedures. The feature is that all kinds of expected tasks can be completed by programming, and the structure and performance have the respective advantages of human and mechanical mobile phones.
The manipulator is the first industrial robot and also the earliest modern robot. It can replace the heavy labor of humans to realize the mechanization and automation of production and can operate in a harmful environment to protect personal safety. Therefore, it is widely used in mechanical manufacturing, metallurgy, electronics, light industry, and atomic energy departments.